Machu Picchu is the most visited place in Peru, and they welcome thousands of people every year. It was designated one of the Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. Most archaeologists believe Machu Picchu was built over the initial period of 1300 AD. The archaeologist believes that Machu Picchu was built by the Inca Pachacuti who ruled from 1438 to 1471. The archaeologist assumes that the construction of the fort dates back to the 15th century. The construction of Machu Picchu began when the territory of the Inca began to expand. The victory over the chancas took place in this region which gave power to the Inca Pachacuti. The fortress is located on the eastern hill of the Vilcanota mountain. This strategic location was chosen for success and it is surrounded by rocky steps and far from strangers form the forest. The greatest thing about Machu Picchu has to have only one entrance.
They can defend themselves by very few warriors in case a surprise attack occurs. After about three generations, it was suddenly and mysteriously abandoned by Inca. The strongest reason was that for the lower cast Macchu Picchu and its routes were unknown which were not part of a small Inca circle.
The decision to lift Machu Picchu had been taken with great care. Yet it is the best place for the celebration. According to the researcher, it was located Antonio Zapata, the largest mountain by its sacredness, which begins in the Salcantay.
1991 July 24 was known as “the day of the rediscovery of Machu Picchu”. The historic site has been covered under nature for over four centuries. This discovery took place because of the controversial American explorer Hiram Bingham III. However, according to Simone Waisbard, this was only the result of chance because Enrique Palma, Gabino Sanchez and Agustin Lizarraga were the first to visit this remaining stone from this archaeological site on July 14, 1901. The English archaeologist was looking for the city of Vitco to this movement, the last refuge of the Inca therefore the victory of Bingham III over Machu Picchu was not famous among archaeologists. Before that, the disclosure of Machu Picchu will likely be part of the estates and Kutija Qollapani. Over the years, the property was known as the Q ‘real estate unit. Palma, Sanchez and Lizarraga found the native Anacleto living there. Alvarez, who had developed the land eight years ago, was rented for twelve soles each year.
During the rediscovery of the historic site of Machu Picchu, the American historian Bingham discovered from sources that Agustin Lizarraga, a tenant of the native lands of Cuzco, had come to the ruins nine years before the historian. According to Bigha, Lizarraga would have given way in one of the walls of the temple of the three windows.
Machu Picchu has saved several of its original structures. Pachacutec found a granite store where many people started a very expensive project and create an empire that would last forever. They were able to take advantage of land sometimes faced with unmeasurable earthquakes and other climate changes. These stones brought from Batholitic and also built the city of Cusco.
The construction of Machu Picchu is with a specific type of mandate from the Inca which wants to preserve the environment. Inca never knows the wheels and the wheels are never expected to work here. Some people still wonder how it is impossible for normal people to bring these bricks in here and arrange them and cut them this way, even though a single hair cannot go between them.
This place is a deadly combination of religious, administrative, political and social life. the religious and administrative are the most important among them. Because the religious were part of their ritual and their daily way of life which passed through Machu Picchu. And the administrative part was for the tutor directing them to create a so-called perfect historical structure.
In Machu Picchu, many rituals and sacrifices were offered to please the sun, their creator and their father. The reason behind the high altitude of Machu Picchu was that they want to feel closer to the sky and their god.
Machu Picchu has many names used by locals, one of them is Vitcos, and all the more recently is Cajaroma, the last one comes from the history of Betanzos, which referred to this city as could be the real Machu Picchu, on the claim that, as Betanzos points out, it is one of the many urban areas that Pachacutec conquered when he was the ruler of the Tahuantinsuyo empire, but in addition, this could be the place where there was a jungle clan that lived when Pachacutec had control of the entire Empire.
The Qeschawaka Bridge, which connects qehue to the canas. Every year, many inhabitants of the communities of Cusco gather around the bridge for a ritual called “Minka”. Each time, they do community work that helps the people who live around. The main event was the reconstruction of the bridge. After that, they celebrated it with dancing and drinks for the people who participated in this ritual.
They believe that tradition and ritual are the main part of who they are and recreate their past to keep in touch with their ancestors. The recreation of the bridge is important because it keeps them together and the relationship between them will grow closer every day. Everyone in this community works together for the community.
The Minka festival famous since the time of the Incas, it is one of the statutes of good and morals that the Incas had, their expressions are not a criminal, do not be a liar, do not be lazy is one of the codes gradually used in the Andes. The Incas were a culture with such help between them, no one is selfish, and everyone contributes to the betterment of each resident.
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